Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres (261,228 square miles) in size. Its capital city. Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital. 1, myanmar has been a member of the. Association of southeast Asian Nations (asean) since 1997. Early civilisations in myanmar included the. Tibeto-burman -speaking, pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the mon kingdoms in Lower Burma. 9 In the 9th century, the bamar people entered essays the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the burmese language, culture and Theravada buddhism slowly became dominant in the country.
For the 2014 film, see. Myanmar (Burmese: summary mjəmà nb 1 7 officially the, republic of the Union of myanmar and also known as, burma, is a sovereign state. Myanmar is bordered by, india and, bangladesh to its west, Thailand and. Laos to its east and, china to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the. Bay of Bengal and the, andaman sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. 8, as of 2017, the population is about 54 million.
More information about Burma is available from the department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: Department of State burma country page. Doing Business in Burma page, department of State key officers List. Cia world Factbook burma page,. Embassy, usaid burma page. Human Rights Reports, international Religious Freedom Reports, trafficking in Persons Reports. Narcotics Control Reports, office of Foreign Assets Control Sanctions Page. This article is about the country. For the myanmar language, see.
Aung, san, suu, kyi - wikipedia
In recognition of Burma's political and economic reform progress, the United States has taken concrete steps to accelerate broad-based economic growth and support the political reform process. The United States played an instrumental role in essay supporting renewed engagement from multilateral development banks, which re-started operations in 2013. In 2016, the United States terminated the national emergency business with respect to burma, which had been in place since 1997. The termination removed a range of economic and financial sanctions, including the designations of individuals and entities listed on the Office of Foreign Assets List pursuant. Government encourages responsible investment in Burma as part of an overall strategy to encourage economic growth and improve the standard of living for the people of Burma. The United States plays a leading role by enhancing human capacity and promoting global standards throughout southeast Asia due to the quality of private investment. Companies will continue to play a critical role in supporting broad-based, sustainable development in Burma and are helping the country progress toward a more open, inclusive, and democratic society.
Burma's Membership in International Organizations, burma became a member of the United Nations in 1948 following independence from the United Kingdom, and a member of the Association of southeast Asian Nations (asean) in 1997. Burma was the chair of asean for 2014, its first chairmanship in 17 years as an asean member state. Burma and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the un, international Monetary fund, world Bank, and World Trade Organization. Bilateral Representation, the. Ambassador to burma. Scot Marciel ; other principal embassy officials are listed in the department's key officers List. Burma maintains an embassy in the United States at 2300 s street nw, washington, dc 20008, tel.: (202) 332-3344; fax: (202) 332-4351.
Assistance efforts scaled up in response to the devastation caused by cyclone nargis. Burma's ongoing reforms led to the re-establishment of the usaid mission in 2012. Carefully integrated with. Development assistance focuses on deepening and sustaining key political and economic reforms, ensuring that the democratic transition benefits everyday people, and mitigating division and conflict. Since 2012, the United States has provided over 500 million to support Burmas transition, advance the peace process, and improve the lives of millions, including by assisting communities affected by violence and combatting hate speech and communal violence. More than.1 million people have improved food security, and over 300,000 impoverished farming families have increased their agricultural productivity with better access to technology, markets and new investments.
New entrepreneurs are benefiting from the economic reform process, which has increased access to information and communications technology. The United States provided almost 300 million in FY2017 and FY2018 to address humanitarian needs in Burma, including among internally displaced persons throughout the country and vulnerable burmese refugees and asylum seekers in the region. This includes vulnerable communities along the Thailand-Burma border and in rakhine, kachin, and Shan States, where the United States continues to provide emergency assistance. In addition to usaid, many other. Agencies provide assistance and training in Burma, including the. Departments of State, commerce, energy, labor, health and Human Services, and Treasury; the. Census Bureau; the. Patent and Trademark Office; and the. Trade and development Agency.
Aung, san, suu, kyi
Sporadic, intense fighting between the burmese military and ethnic armed groups in Kachin and Shan States and elsewhere has resulted in numerous civilian casualties and internal displacement. The United States continues to emphasize to the government of Burma the importance of promoting tolerance, diversity, and peaceful co-existence, and for the burmese military to completely end any military ties with the democratic peoples Republic of Korea. The military government changed the countrys name to "Myanmar" in 1989. The United States government continues to use essay the name burma. Assistance to burma, the United States has a long-standing commitment to improving the lives of the people of Burma. After the usaid mission was closed in 1989, the United States continued to deliver emergency humanitarian assistance along the Thailand-Burma border, including through ngo partners for Burmese refugees and asylum seekers in the refugee camps on the border. The United States resumed targeted health programs in 1998.
Since then, senior. Government officials have traveled to the country to meet with the government of Burma, political parties, civil society, human rights activists, religious and ethnic leaders, and youth, demonstrating the United States continuing support to burma in its democratic reform efforts. While the country has made significant progress, major institutional and political challenges remain, including reforming the constitution (which accords the military control of three key security ministries, one of two vice presidential appointments, and control of 25 of parliamentary seats completing the national reconciliation process. Beginning in August 2017, following attacks by Arakan Rohingya salvation Army (arsa) insurgents on security forces, over 700,000 Rohingya fled violence in northern rakhine State, including violence committed by security forces and vigilantes. In november 2017, the United States determined that this situation constituted ethnic cleansing of Rohingya. In December 2017 the United States imposed targeted sanctions under the Global Magnitsky act on former Burmese major General maung maung soe for his role in human rights abuses against Rohingya in rakhine State. More progress needs to be made to reduce the militarys role in politics, move from cease-fires to political dialogue, and to improve rule of law and government accountability.
Despite significant structural and constitutional problems, including the reservation of 25 percent of parliamentary seats japanese for the military; the disfranchisement of groups of people who had voted in previous elections, including the ethnic Rohingya; and the disqualification of candidates based on arbitrary application of citizenship. The new national parliament sat February 1, 2016, and National league for Democracy member Win myint was inaugurated as the nlds second president on March 30, 2018. The new government has released hundreds of political prisoners in the two years it has been in power, though others remain in jail. The United States has employed an engagement strategy that has recognized the positive steps undertaken to date and to incentivize further reform. The guiding principles of this approach have been to support Burmas political and economic reforms; promote national reconciliation; build government transparency, and accountability and institutions; empower local communities and civil society; promote responsible international engagement; and strengthen respect for and protection of human rights and. In 2016, the two countries launched the. S.-myanmar Partnership dialogue, which has expanded bilateral communication and cooperation in political and economic spheres.
Fact check: Aung, san, suu, kyi 's speech on the rohingya
More information about Burma is available on the. Burma page and from other Department of essay State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. S.-burma relations, the United States supports a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic Burma that respects the human rights of all its people. Burma remains a country in transition to democracy, and faces significant ongoing challenges and human rights issues. Partial elections in 2010 led to a peaceful transition from sixty years of authoritarian rule to a quasi-civilian government headed by former general Thein sein. Under President Thein sein, the government of Burma initiated a series of political and economic reforms which resulted in a substantial opening of the long-isolated country. These reforms include the release of many political prisoners and child soldiers, the signing of a cease-fire agreement with eight major non-state ethnic groups, greater enjoyment of freedom of expression, including by the press, and parliamentary by-elections in 2012 in which pro-democracy leader Aung San. In historic national elections in 2015, the nld won a majority of the total seats in the national parliament and in most state and regional parliaments.