They did however find correlation between creativity in design students based on how flexible they were using all four thinking styles equally as measured by the hbdi. When students were less entrenched in a specific style of thinking they measured higher creativity using Dominos Creativity Scale (acl-cr). 22 References edit dewald,. (1989) abstract Krause,. (1987, resume june) abstract bentley and Hall (2001).3961 wilson (2007). 1079 deardorff, dale. (2005).1 european Herrmann Institute faq a b Herrmann, ned (1999).1-3 lees (2007).11-15 a b Terence (1987).604 lees (2007).32.
Ned Herrmann described dominance of a particular thinking style with dominance with a portion of a brain hemisphere. 7 The notion of hemisphere dominance attracted some criticism from the neuroscience community, notably by terence hines who called it "pop psychology" based on unpublished eeg data. 17 18 he asserts that current literature instead found that both hemispheres are always involved in cognitive tasks 17 and attempting to strengthen a specific hemisphere does not improve creativity, for example. 19 Hines stated "no evidence is presented to show that these 'brain dominance measures' measure anything related to the differences between the two hemispheres. In other words, no evidence of validity of hemisphere dominance is presented.". 9 Creativity edit herrmann offered creativity workshops based on leveraging all the quadrants within the Whole Brain Model, rather than focusing on physiological attributes. Strengthening best particular thinking styles and strengthening the right hemisphere, which received critiques that creativity is not localized to a particular thinking style nor to a particular hemisphere. 20 21 A study published in the peer reviewed Creativity research journal in 2005. Portillo agreed that creativity is not localized into a particular thinking style, such as a right-brain dominance resulting in more creativity.
12 Critiques edit self reporting edit measurements that require people to state preferences between terms have received criticism. Hayes, in their own 1996 publication of a competing cognitive style indicator called Cognitive style Index 13 in the peer reviewed journal of Management Studies, noted that "there appears to be little or no published independent evaluation of several self-report measures developed as management training. Including Herrmann Brain Dominance Instrument." 14 However, some find usefulness in self reporting measurements. Sadler-Smith in 2003 found cognitive style indicators generally useful for studying organizations. 13 However in a critique of the cognitive style Index indicator they opined that progress in the field had been "hampered by a proliferation of alternative constructs and assessment instruments" many unreliable with a lack of agreement over nomenclature. 13 to measure self-report consistency, a differential item functioning review of hbdi was published in 2007 by jared lees. However, his tests were supported by EduMetrics, a company on contract with Herrmann International to evaluate the system, and were therefore not completely independent. 15 Lateralization edit herrmann International describes an underlying basis for hbdi in the lateralization of brain function theory championed by gazzaniga and others that associates each of the four thinking styles with a particular locus in the human brain. 16 Analytical and sequential styles are associated with left brain and interpersonal and imaginative styles are associated with right brain, for example.
Course - master
Roger Wolcott Sperry, robert Ornstein, henry mintzberg, and, michael gazzaniga. 6, these theories were further developed to reflect a metaphor for how individuals think and learn. Use of that metaphor brought later movie criticism by brain researchers such as Terence hines for being overly simplistic, however the metaphorical construct has proven effective in a variety of organizational contexts, especially for business and government. Herrmann also coined the concept Whole from Brain Thinking as a description of flexibility in using thinking styles that one may cultivate in individuals or in organizations allowing the situational use of all four styles of thinking. 7 The herrmann Brain Dominance Instrument edit The format of the instrument is a 120 question online test, which claims to determine which of the model's four styles of thinking is a dominant preference.
More than one style may be dominant at once in this model. 8 9 For example, in Herrmann's presentation a person may be dominant in both analytical and sequential styles of thinking but be weaker in interpersonal or imaginative modes, though he asserts all people use all styles to varying degrees. A 1985 dissertation. Bunderson, currently ceo of the non-profit EduMetrics Institute 10 asserts that "four stable, discrete clusters of preference exist "scores derived from the instrument are valid indicators of the four clusters and "The scores permit valid inferences about a person's preferences and avoidances for each. 11 Consulting and training edit based on the hbdi assessment and Whole Brain model, herrmann International and its global affiliates offer consulting and solutions (including workshops, programs, books and games) to improve personal or group communication, creativity, and other benefits.
The, herrmann Brain Dominance Instrument hbdi ) is a system to measure and describe thinking preferences in people, developed. William "Ned" Herrmann while leading management education at, general Electric 's Crotonville facility. It is a type of cognitive style measurement and model, and is often compared to psychological assessments such as the. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, 1 2, learning Orientation questionnaire, 3, disc assessment, 4 and others. 5, contents, brain dominance model edit, in his brain dominance model, herrmann identifies four different modes of thinking:.
Analytical thinking, key words : Auditive, logical, factual, critical, technical and quantitative. Preferred activities : collecting data, analysis, understanding how things work, judging ideas based on facts, criteria and logical reasoning. Key words : safekeeping, structured, organized, complexity or detailed, planned. Preferred activities : following directions, detail oriented work, step-by-step problem solving, organization and implementation. Interpersonal thinking, key words : Kinesthetic, emotional, spiritual, sensory, feeling. Preferred activities : listening to and expressing ideas, looking for personal meaning, sensory input, and group interaction. Imaginative thinking, key words : Visual, holistic, intuitive, innovative, and conceptual. Preferred activities : looking at the big picture, taking initiative, challenging assumptions, visuals, metaphoric thinking, creative problem solving, long term thinking. His theory was based on theories of the modularity of cognitive functions, including well-documented specializations in the brain's cerebral cortex and limbic systems, and the research into left-right brain laterilization.
Undergraduate literature, culture film Slavic
"How well did Shakespeare know the violin?". Retrieved poulopoulos, panagiotis (2011). The guittar in the British Isles, (PhD Thesis) (PDF). Atlas of Plucked Instruments. American Lutherie: The quarterly journal of the guild of American Luthiers. Bibliography edit music's Delight on the cithren, john Playford (1666). External links edit citterns and cittern research at the musikinstrumenten-Museum der Universität leipzig Cittern, possibly by petrus raitta, england, 1579 at the national Music resume Museum Cittern, Urbino,. 1550 at the national Music Museum Decorated Cittern by joachim tielke, hamburg,. 1685 at The metropolitan Museum of Art Retrieved from " p?
7 There is a tendency in modern German to interchange the words for cittern and zither. The term waldzither came into use around 1900, to distinguish citterns from zithers. The cittern family survives as the corsican cetara and the portuguese guitar. The guitarra portuguesa is typically used to play the popular traditional music known as fado. In the early 1970s, using the guitarra and a 1930s archtop Martin guitar as models, English luthier Stefan Sobell created a "cittern a hybrid instrument primarily used for playing folk music, which has proved to be popular with folk revival musicians. 8 9 see also edit see also: Lute getting History and evolution of the lute references edit chisholm, hugh,. "The renaissance cittern Site: Frequently Asked questions about the renaissance cittern". a b The Oxford Companion to music - cittern Shakespeare, william. Retrieved ilworth, john 2009.
for the instrument was published to that end. 3 The top of the pegbox was often decorated with a small carved head, perhaps not always of great artistic merit; in Shakespeare 's love's Labours Lost, the term "cittern-head" is used as an insult: 4 5 holofernes: What is this? Dumain: The head of a bodkin. Biron: a death's face in a ring. Just as the lute was enlarged and bass-extended to become the theorbo and chitarrone for continuo work, so the cittern was developed into the ceterone, with its extended neck and unstopped bass strings, though this was a much less common instrument. The leading 18th century Swedish songwriter Carl Michael Bellman played mostly on the cittern, and is shown with the instrument (now in the national Museum, Stockholm) in a 1779 portrait by per Krafft the elder. 6 Modern citterns edit a modern cittern made by lawrence nyberg of British Columbia, canada 2003 In Germany the cittern survives under the names Waldzither and Lutherzither. The last name comes from the belief that Martin Luther played this instrument. Also, the names Thüringer Waldzither in Thüringer Wald, harzzither in the harz mountains, halszither in German-speaking Switzerland are used.
Contents, pre-modern citterns edit, a cittern, cythara Italica et japanese Germanica (as opposed to cithara or possibly the cythara ) Kircher's Musurgia universalis The cittern is one of the few metal-strung instruments known from the renaissance period. It generally has four courses (single, pairs or threes) of strings, one or more course being usually tuned in octaves, though instruments with more or fewer courses were made. The cittern may have a range of only an octave between its lowest and highest strings and employs a re-entrant tuning 2 a tuning in which the string that is physically uppermost is not the lowest, as is also the case with the five-string banjo. The tuning and narrow range allow the player a number of simple chord shapes useful for both simple song accompaniment and dances, however much more complex music was written for. 3 Its bright and cheerful timbre make it a valuable counterpoint to gut-strung instruments. The Spanish bandurria, still used today, is a similar instrument. Instruments showing visible remnants of the citole. Both have a hook (the remains of the citole's thumbhole) and wings or buckles (the remains of the shoulder projections).
Draper 69260 Hand-Operated, paper, shredder
From wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, jump short to navigation, jump to search. The cittern or cithren. Cistro, cedra, cítola ) 1 is a stringed instrument dating from the. Modern scholars debate its exact history, but it is generally accepted that it is descended from the. Medieval citole, or cytole. It looks much like the modern-day flat-back mandolin and the modern, irish bouzouki. Its flat-back design was simpler and cheaper to construct than the lute. It was also easier to play, smaller, less delicate and more portable. Played by all classes, the cittern was a premier instrument of casual music-making much as is the guitar today.