The pre-history of Sri lanka goes back 125,000 years, the era spans the palaeolithic, mesolithic and early Iron Ages. Among the paleolithic human settlements discovered in Sri lanka, pahiyangala and it is said that Kubera was overthrown by his demon stepbrother ravana, the powerful emperor who built a mythical flying machine named Dandu monara. The modern city of Wariyapola is described as ravanas airport, early inhabitants of Sri lanka were probably ancestors of the vedda people, an indigenous people numbering approximately 2,500 living in modern-day sri lanka. According to the mahāvamsa, a written in Pāḷi, the original inhabitants of Sri lanka are the yakshas and Nagas. Ancient cemeteries that were used before 600bc and other signs of advanced civilization has also discovered in Sri lanka. Geographic coordinate system, a geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation, to specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection.
Sri lanka has a rich Buddhist heritage, and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri lanka, sri lanka is a republic and a unitary state governed by a semi-presidential system. The legislative capital, Sri jayawardenepura kotte, is a suburb of the capital and largest city. Along with the maldives, Sri lanka is one of the two countries in south Asia that are rated among high human development on the human development Index. In antiquity, sri lanka was known to travellers by a variety of names, according to the mahavamsa, the legendary Prince vijaya named the land Tambapanni, because his followers hands were reddened by the red soil of the area. In Hindu mythology, such as the mahabharata, the island was referred to as Lankā, in Tamil, the island is referred to as Eelam. Ancient Greek geographers called it Taprobanā or Taprobanē from the word Tambapanni, as a british crown colony, the island was known as ceylon, it achieved independence as the dominion of ceylon in 1948. The country is known in Sinhalese as Śrī laṃkā and in Tamil as Ilakai, in 1972, its formal name was changed to Free, sovereign and Independent Republic of Sri lanka. Later in 1978 it was changed to the democratic Socialist Republic of Sri lanka, as the name ceylon still appears in the names of a number of organisations, the Sri lankan government announced in 2011 a plan to rename all those over which it has.
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They were formerly known. O, divisions after the divisional revenue officer. S became Assistant government Agents, currently, the divisions are administered by a divisional Secretary, and are known as. There are 47 divisional secretariats in the southern Province, with 19 in Galle district,12 in Hambantota district and 16 in Matara district, important landmarks of the southern Province include the wildlife sanctuaries of the yala and Udawalawe national Parks. Ussangoda in Ambalantota is a view of the beach and the sea, and the holy city of Kataragama. During the portuguese period there were two famous Sinhalese poets called Andare who was from Dickwella and Gajaman Nona who was from Denipitiya in Matara district, the southern Province was seriously affected by the tsunami in 2004.
The province is going through a rebuilding process. Sri lanka, officially the democratic Socialist Republic of Sri lanka, is an island country in south Asia near writing south-east India. Sri lanka has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the maldives to the southwest, Sri lankas documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years. Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk road through to world War. Sri lanka was known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as ceylon, Sri lankas recent history has been marred by a thirty-year civil war which decisively ended when the Sri lankan military defeated the liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in 2009. A diverse and multicultural country, sri lanka is home to many religions, ethnic groups, in addition to the majority sinhalese, it is home to large groups of Sri lankan and Indian Tamils, moors, burghers, malays, kaffirs and the aboriginal Vedda.
Sinharaja has leeches in abundance, therefore make sure you wear long trousers, long socks and trekking shoes (sneakers repellent sprayed on trousers and shoes will also help. Designed by, hermesThemes, copyright 2018 Weligama bay resort. Sabaragamuwa Province, the sabaragamuwa Province, is one of the nine provinces of Sri lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the constitution of Sri lanka established provincial councils, the sabaragamuwa Province contains two districts, ratnapura and Kegalle. It is named after its indigenous inhabitants, namely the sabara, an indic term for hunter-gatherer tribes. Southern Province, sri lanka, the southern Province of Sri lanka is one of the nine provinces of Sri lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.
The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the constitution of Sri lanka established provincial councils. It is the 7th largest province by area and is home.5 million people, the 3rd most populated province. The province is bordered by sabaragamuwa Province and uva province to the north, eastern Province to the northeast, western Province to the northwest, the southern Province is a small geographic area consisting of the districts of Galle, matara and Hambantota. Subsistence farming and fishing is the source of income for the vast majority of the people of this region. Government School education is handled by the southern Provincial Education Department. Southern Province is divided into 3 districts and 47 divisional secretariats, the districts of the Sri lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the counties, the korales.
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Its name, literally meaning lion (sinha ) king (raja perhaps refers to the original 'king-sized or royal forest of the sinhalese a people plan of the legendary 'lion-race' of Sri lanka, or to the home of a legendary lion of Sri lanka. Unesco world Heritage site sinharaja is the last major undisturbed area of rainforest in Sri lanka. The reserve comprises 18,899 hectares of natural and modified forest, measuring about 21 km east to west and 3,7 km north to south. Sinharaja has a wild profusion of flora. The canopy trees reach heights of up to 45m, with the next layer down topping 30m. There are almost 130 types of endemic trees and woody climbers. As for fauna, sambar, barking deer, wild boar, purple-faced langurs and squirrels are fairly common. Sinharaja also has 45 species homework of reptiles and 160 species of birds.
Sri lanka wood pigeon, green-billed coucal, Sri lanka white-headed starling, Sri lanka blue magpie, ashy-headed babbler and red-faced malkoha. Of interest is the presence of the Sri lanka broad-billed roller. Reptiles and amphibian include the python, which is vulnerable, and a number party of endemic species. Noteworthy species include the rarest of all agamids on the island, the rough-nose horned lizard and a rare endemic microhylid. Threatened freshwater fish are combtail, smooth-breasted snakehead, black ruby barb, cherry barb and red-tail goby. Sri lankan five-bar sword, which is considered to be very rare, is not uncommon in Sinharaja at certain times of the year. The sinharaja region has long featured in the legends and lore of the people of Sri lanka.
original forest cover has been removed by shifting cultivation and in other places the forest has been replaced by rubber and tea plantations. Mesua-doona forest is the climax vegetation in most of the reserve. Of Sri lanka's 830 endemic species, 217 trees and woody climbers are found in the lowland wet zone. Other rare endemics are the palm, the latter being restricted to sinhagala. A variety of plants of known benefit to man are present, of which palm (for jaggery, a sugar substitute wewal, cardamom, dun (for varnish and incense) and weniwal (for medicinal purposes) are used intensively by villagers. Endemism is high, particularly for birds, mammals and butterflies. Threatened mammals are leopard and Asian elephant. Birds considered to be endangered or rare are.
It is preferable to explore book sinharaja on foot, which makes for a truly authentic jungle experience. There are four access points to the reserve:. Morningside on the eastern edge, pitadeniya to the south, kosmulla to the southwest and the main entrance. Kudawa on the northwest side. Sinharaja forest Reserve is situated in the south-west lowland wet zone of Sri lanka. Most of the area was originally declared a forest reserve on 1875 under the waste lands Ordinance and notified in the ceylon government, whereas the rest was notified a proposed forest reserve in the early 20th century. Sinharaja forest Reserve, comprising the existing and proposed forest reserves, was declared a biosphere reserve in 1978.
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Home discovery top Attractions sinharaja rain Forest, damp, mysterious and teeming with life, the. Sinharaja, situated 120km south-east of Colombo, is the last extensive stretch of virgin rainforest on the island. At resume just over 11,000 hectares, lying across the wet zone at the southern edge of the hill country, sinharaja is an ecological treasure trove. Its staggering array of flora and fauna place it among the top biodiversity hotspots in the world. Over 130 bird species are found here including 26 of 33 species endemic to Sri lanka. There is also a rich reptile population and myriads of insect species, many yet to be classified. Mammals seen here include the purple faced langur monkey and the giant squirrel. Sinharaja is also home to the elusive l eopard.