10: in css and pms psychological test is conceded out for2 days, first day oliver for group discussion and second day for individual interview. Length: 593 words (1.7 double-spaced pages rating: Excellent, essay preview. More, the meaning of premenstrual, according to webster's Dictionary, is: "occurring before a menstrual period." Men do not have menstrual cycles, since they do not have uteri. A uterus is required for menses. Does the possibility exist that men have the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS)? Can the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome be associated with the male species? Due to the numerous symptoms associated with pms, this essay deals with the symptoms of: irritability and stress, food cravings and weight gain, headaches. Just mentioing pms makes some people irritable. How people express their irritability differs from each person.
7: In pms, general Knowledge paper is there very difficult and tricky paper with negative marking. . While there is no negative marking paper is css. 8: In css, you have to earn minimum 40 out of all 3 General Knowledge papers ( General Science ability, pakistan Affairs and Current Affairs ) to pass these papers. According to this, if a your fail in 1 or 2 of General Knowledge papers but your aggregate in General Knowledge papers is 40 percent or above, you will considered passed all General Knowledge papers. If an aspirant is fail in 1 of optional paper, but his total in all other subjects without the marks essay in failing paper, is more than 50 percent, he qualifies for interview. Meanwhile in pms, candidate has to pass every subject individually and no such allowances are given. 9: Both css and pms exams are directed in 1200 marks of written exam but in pms there are 200 marks of interview and in css there are 300 marks of Interview.
Pms batches are conducted in, punjab province. 3: In, competitive exams held by Provincial Public Service commissions, there are multiple groups in which employment is required for. All the applicants employed through this examination are not the pms officers. Only those who exactly are positioned in pms group are entitled pms officers. Up till now, In Punjab, pms exams, have been held to employee in Excise and Taxation, Provincial Management Service (PMS) And Local Fund Audit. Subscribe Us to get daily updates Enter your email address to get daily updates : Delivered by feedBurner 4: pms officers have to serve within the territory of their respective provinces (where they are domiciled) unlike those inducted through css who have to serve. 5: According to the revised syllabus of fpsc in css, optional subjects are of 100 or 200 marks, which the aspirant has to pick subjects of total 600 marks. And in pms all the optional subjects are of 200 marks while. 6: in pms total allowed time for the essay paper is only 2 hours, while in css you have 3 hours for Essay paper.
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Companies without outside funding often chose profit / profitability ps models. Risk terminology: Risk: Decision based on complete information about the probability of each possible outcome. Uncertainty: Decision based on incomplete or insufficient data. Areas of uncertainty: Project timing Expected cash flow Outcome of the project Side effects and unforeseen consciences of the project Information base for project selection model: Accounting: arbitrary assignment of overhead costs, linear cost and revenue forecasts measurements: (subjective. Invalid) Technology shock: New technology has to overcome initial resistance threshold. Project proposal: List all key project personnel with titles and qualifications Methodology of solving the problem Special client requirements Test and inspection procedures Estimates of time, cost and materials for each subsystem and the whole project Establish major milestones to break project into phases. Central Superior Services (CSS) and, provincial Management Services pMS ) are often mixed up by the candidates of competitive examination.
It is, therefore, suitable to give a detailed description of the dissimilarities and comparisons between these two exams. 1: pms is directed by provincial Public Service commissions like, ppsc punjab kpsc khyber, pakhtunkhwa spsc (. Sindh ) and, bpsc baluchistan ) while, fpsc federal Public Service commission ) conducted. 2: css exams are held every year regularly by fpsc but exams. Pms is held after random intermissions. Like from 2004 to 2013, only.
Realism (technical, resource, market-risk capability (adequately sophisticated flexibility (valid results over large domain). Ease of Use (no expert needed to run model). Cost (much less than project benefit). Easy computerization (use standard software project decisions are made by project management not by project selection model. The project selection model only approximates the equal to reality but it is not taken as reality.
Methodology of project selection model: Start with detailed list of goal which should be achieved in the project. Create list of project evaluation factors. Every component should be present in project evaluation factors list. Compute an overall result for project based on weighted Project evaluation factor. Select project that has the closest alignment with goal. Project evaluation factors: There are some factors on which the evaluation of the project is based. Production Factors Marketing Factors Financial Factors The profitability of the project such as payback period. Average rate of Return. Internal Rate of Return Profitability Index Other Profitability models that how it is more beneficial for us in future.
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Project Selection methods, there are various project selection methods practiced by the different organizations. These methods have different features and different characteristics therefore each selection method is best for different organizations with different situations. The project selection depends on different factors which are as follow. Criteria of project selection model. Nature of project selection model. Types of project selection models. Risk management and uncertainty paperless analysis. Information base for project selection model. Project proposal, project selection models: reality based view of the project represent the structure of the problems not details overall view of the project, criteria for project selection models: There are many different criterias of the selection of the model of project which are.
The pmis is used to compare the baseline with the actual accomplishment of each activity, manage materials, collect financial data, and keep a record for reporting purposes. During the close of the project, the Project essay Management Information System is used to review the goals to check if the tasks were accomplished. Then, it is used to create a final report of the project close. Relationship between a pms and pmis. A project management system (PMS) could be a part of a pmis or sometimes an external tool beside project management information system. Pmis does is to manage all stakeholders in a project such as the project owner, client, contractors, sub-contractors, in-house staff, workers, managers and etc. Project Management Software:-, at the center of any modern pmis is software. Project management software can vary from something as simple as a microsoft Excel spreadsheet, to a full blown enterprise Project portfolio management or ppm system.
Information System (pmis part of the enterprise environmental factors, provides access to an automated tool, such as a scheduling software tool, a configuration management system, an information collection and distribution system, or web interfaces to other online automated systems used during the. Explanation:-, a project management information system (pmis) is the coherent organization of the information required for an organization to execute projects successfully. A pmis is typically one or more software applications and a methodical process for collecting and using project information. These electronic systems "help to plan, execute, and close project management goals." pmis systems differ in scope, design and features depending upon an organizations operational requirements. During the planning process, project managers use pmis for budget framework such as estimating costs. The Project Management Information System is also used to create a specific schedule and define the scope baseline. At the execution of the project management goals, the project management team collects information into one database.
There is improve a cycle between the planning, executing, and controlling phases. After you have planned the work and your resources are executing that plan, you must monitor to see how the project is progressing. Then, based on the results of monitoring, you will adjust the plan accordingly. The controlling phase also consists of the greatest amount of communication. As the project manager, constantly seeking feedback on progress and results and communicating status to the team. Closing: Closing includes the formal acceptance of the project and the ending. Administrative activities include the archiving of the files and documenting the lessons learned. This phase consists of: Project close: Finalize all activities across all of the process groups to formally close the project or a project phase.
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A traditional phased approach identifies a sequence of steps to be completed. Major process groups generally include: Initiating: This phase is one of the most crucial phases of the project. It establishes the target completion date and initial project team, and creates the actual scope statement. This phase is often overlooked because the overall project sponsors are the ones that select the project, fund it, pick the date, and then assign the project manager. Planning: Planning is not a one-time activity; it is a constant, iterative activity occurring throughout the life essay of the project. As tasks complete early, late, or on time, the plan needs to be re-evaluated and adjusted, and these changes need to be communicated to all of those involved to continue the project. Execution: The execution of the project is really the implementation of your plan. Controlling: The controlling phase is just as important as the planning phase.